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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Preparing for submission

In his/her covering letter, the corresponding author should reveal whether the submitted article – or very similar work - has been previously published or orally presented, or is under consideration elsewhere (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). The authors are also encouraged to list at least 2 potential reviewers with full name, institution and email address. Please note: the suggested reviewers should not be from the authors’ own institute, nor a co-author of any published paper/papers of the present author/authors. The Editors reserve the right of final selection.

Type of contributions

Three types of manuscripts are acceptable for publication: Articles, Communications and Reviews.

Articles are meant for papers reporting the results of completed definite studies. If several closely related manuscripts are being prepared at about the same time, all should be submitted together. Articles of high scientific quality and originality that are of interest to the wide and diverse readership of the Journal will be given priority for publication.

Communications are intended for the rapid and timely publication of original research of significance. Communications are short contributions not exceeding three printed pages in length.

Review articles deal with topics of current interest in areas relating to environmental sciences and humanities. Rather than an assemblage of detailed information with a complete literature survey, a critically selected treatment of the material is desired. Unsolved problems and possible developments should also be discussed. Review articles are generally written upon invitation of the Chief Editor.

Language

All articles should be written in English - British or American as long as consistency is observed. SI units should be used.

Acknowledgements

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chairperson who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Conflict of interest and funding

Authors are responsible for disclosing financial support from the industry or other conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results.

Ethics and consent

When reporting experiments on patients or animals, please indicate whether the procedures followed were approved by your local ethics committee and/or in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/17c.pdf).

Publication fee

There is no publication fee as such. The Clarion supports an open access policy. Online versions of the articles are freely accessible, downloadable in PDF format and printable without incurring any cost.

Manuscript layout

Wherever possible, the paper should follow the traditional layout: introduction (motivation, problem identification and a short literature survey), present investigation (background, subjects material, method, and results), and conclusion.

Begin each section, including figure and table legends, on separate sheets; insert running page numbers.
Title page Organize the title page in the following way:

  1. title of manuscript,
  2. name of the author(s),
  3. name of the department(s) and institution(s), and
  4. name and full postal address of the corresponding author who also acts as 'Guarantor' for all parts of the paper.

The title should be informative and accurate and at the same time trigger the interest of the reader. A short running head will be derived from the title to appear on each page of the paper.

Figures

Upon acceptance please supply figures/graphics/images in at least 300 dpi. For further information please see guidelines.

If the figures/graphics/images have been taken from sources not copyrighted by the author, it is the author’s sole responsibility to secure the rights from the copyright holder to reproduce those figures/graphs/images for both worldwide print and web publication. All reproduction costs charged by the copyright holder must be borne by the author.

When figures/graphics/images are reproduced, a parenthesis should be added to the figure legend thus: (Reproduced with permission from xxx.)

Abstract

Articles must include a structured abstract of 200-300 words. The abstract should be able to provide sufficient information for a reader to be able to decide whether or not to proceed to the full text of the article. The abstract should be structured in the following way: Background, Objective, Design, Results, Conclusions. After the abstract, please give 5-10 keywords.

Section headings

Please do not number section headings. Use a maximum of three levels of headings made clear by orthographic indicators, i.e. capitals, italics, bold etc.

References

Follow Harvard System of Referencing. When creating a reference list, the sources should be listed alphabetically by author’s surname, should be left-justified, and the references should never be preceded by a bullet-point or number.  Where the author is anonymous or unknown for any one source, insert that source in the alphabetical list using the title of the source instead of the author’s name.  All sources should be listed together; there should not be separate lists for books versus journal articles versus electronic sources. Identify references in the text by the author/editor name/s and the year of publication in parentheses [e.g. (Garrett, 2011)].

Examples

In-text citation
“An effective structure is important” (Redman, 2006, p.22)
Reference list
Redman, P., 2006. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide. 3rd ed. London: Open University in assoc. with Sage.

See Harvard System of Referencing Guide for details.

Information from papers in the manuscript but not yet accepted should be cited in the text as 'unpublished observation(s)' or 'Personal communication'

Some sources and documents are available in print, but also reproduced electronically for wide dissemination—government publications are an obvious example. If you use the electronic version of such a document, please give the URL and date on which you last accessed the electronic file to the citation.

File format

To facilitate the review process, please provide a compleated manuscript as a text file (MS Word version: not exceeding MS Office 2007, RTF) with all figures, tables, legends and supplementary material (if applicable) placed at the end of the manuscript after the reference list.

Submission of manuscripts

The Manuscript may be submitted online or by post in the address below or through email as an attachment as MS word document (version: not exceeding MS Office 2007) at the email of the Chief Editor, The Clarion i.e. chiefeditorclarion@gmail.com